Norman Bates , the main character in Psycho , was very loosely based on two people. Second, it has been indicated by several people, including Noel Carter wife of Lin Carter and Chris Steinbrunner , as well as allegedly by Bloch himself, that Norman Bates was partly based on Calvin Beck, publisher of Castle of Frankenstein. However, Bloch also commented that it was the situation itself - a mass murderer living undetected and unsuspected in a typical small town in middle America - rather than Gein himself who sparked Bloch's storyline.
He writes: "Thus the real-life murderer was not the role model for my character Norman Bates. Ed Gein didn't own or operate a motel. Ed Gein didn't kill anyone in the shower. Ed Gein wasn't into taxidermy. Ed Gein didn't stuff his mother, keep her body in the house, dress in a drag outfit, or adopt an alternative personality. These were the functions and characteristics of Norman Bates, and Norman Bates didn't exist until I made him up. Out of my own imagination, I add, which is probably the reason so few offer to take showers with me.
Though Bloch had little involvement with the film version of his novel , which was directed by Alfred Hitchcock from an adapted screenplay by Joseph Stefano , he was to become most famous as its author. Bloch was awarded a special Mystery Writers of America scroll for the novel in The novel is one of the first examples at full length of Bloch's use of modern urban horror relying on the horrors of interior psychology rather than the supernatural.
Winter in an interview. Bloch had never sold a book to Hollywood before. Despite the enormous profits generated by Hitchcock's film, Bloch received no further direct compensation.
Once while pondering Minecraft, I realized how much it captures the deeply human desire to make a mark on the world. History of the Evangelical Lutheran St. You might get lucky and win one! Though her father grew up there, Liyana knows very little about her family's Arab heritage. These were the functions and characteristics of Norman Bates, and Norman Bates didn't exist until I made him up.
Only Hitchcock's film was based on Bloch's novel. The later films in the Psycho series bear no relation to either of Bloch's sequel novels.
Indeed, Bloch's proposed script for the film Psycho II was rejected by the studio as were many other submissions , and it was this that he subsequently adapted for his own sequel novel. The film Hitchcock tells the story of Alfred Hitchcock's making of the film version of Psycho.
Although it mentions Bloch and his novel, Bloch himself is not a character in the movie. Following his move to Hollywood, around , Bloch had multiple assignments from various television companies. However, he was not allowed to write for five months when the Writers Guild had a strike. After the strike was over, he became a frequent scriptwriter for television and film projects in the mystery, suspense, and horror genre. His first assignments were for the Macdonald Carey vehicle, Lock-Up , penning five episodes as well as one for Whispering Smith.
Bloch wrote the screenplay for The Cabinet of Caligari , which is only very loosely related to the German silent film , and proved to be an unhappy experience. The episode was shelved when the NBC Television Network and sponsor Revlon called its ending "too gruesome" by s standards for airing.
Bloch was pleased later when the episode was included in the program's syndication package to affiliate stations, where not one complaint was registered. Today, due to public domain status, the episode is readily available in home media formats from numerous distributors and is even available on free video on demand.
His TV work did not slow Bloch's fictional output. In the early s he published several novels, including The Dead Beat , and Firebug , for which Harlan Ellison , then an editor at Regency Books, contributed the first 1, words. Bloch's novel The Couch the basis for the screenplay of his first movie, filmed the same year was published.
During , Bloch saw into print two further collections of short stories, Bogey men and Horror The latter film was based on his short story "The Skull of the Marquis de Sade". Bird and based on the eponymous story by Richard Matheson. The last two films featured stories written by Bloch that were printed first in anthologies he wrote in the s and early s.
The Cat Creature was an unhappy production experience for Bloch. Bloch commented: "Instead, I suggested a blending of the elements of several well-remembered films, and came up with a story line which dealt with the Egyptian cat-goddess Bast , reincarnation and the first bypass operation ever performed on an artichoke heart. Bloch meanwhile interspersed between his screenplays for Amicus Productions and other projects , penned single episodes for Night Gallery , Ghost Story , The Manhunter , and Gemini Man Bloch returned to the site of his childhood home at East Knapp St, Milwaukee the address used by Lovecraft for the character Robert Blake in The Haunter of the Dark only to find the neighborhood razed and the entire neighborhood leveled and replaced by expressway approaches.
In , another Bloch collection, The Living Demons was issued. The following year, Bloch won the Ann Radcliffe Award for Television and publisher a collection of short stories entitled Chamber of Horrors. Bloch returned to the site of his childhood home at East Knapp St, Milwaukee the address used by Lovecraft for Robert Blake in The Haunter of the Dark only to find the neighborhood razed and the entire neighbourhood levelled and replaced by expressway approaches. Bloch won a second Ann Radcliffe Award, this time for Literature, in In he published another novel, Night-World.
The award was a bust of H. The occasion of this convention was the first time Bloch actually visited the city of Providence. In , two records of Bloch recordings of his stories were released by Alternate World recordings - Gravely, Robert Bloch! The Life and Times of jack the Ripper! Bloch continued to published short story collections throughout this period.
His Selected Stories reprinted in paperback with the incorrect title The Complete Stories appeared in three volumes just prior to his death, although many previously uncollected tales have appeared in volumes published since see below. His numerous novels of the s demonstrate Bloch's thematic range, from science fiction - Sneak Preview - through horror novels such as the loving Lovecraftian tribute Strange Eons Whispers Press, and the non-supernatural mystery There is a Serpent in Eden ;. Bloch's screenplay-writing career continued active through the s, with teleplays for Tales of the Unexpected one episode, , Darkroom two episodes, , Alfred Hitchcock Presents 1 episode, , Tales from the Darkside three episodes, —87 - "Beetles", "A Case of the Stubborns" and "Everybody needs a Little Love" and Monsters three episodes, — - "The Legacy", "Mannikins of Horror", and "Reaper".
No further screen work appeared in the last five years before his death, although an adaptation of his "collaboration" with Edgar Allan Poe , "The Lighthouse", was filmed as an episode of The Hunger in Klein and Fritz Leiber. This item was reprinted some years later in an expanded edition by Chaosium. Night of the Ripper , was another return to one of Bloch's favourite themes, the Jack the Ripper murders of In , Bloch celebrated his 70th birthday. The latter was the first of a projected series of three volumes, however the further volumes were never published.
In , several works were published: the collection, Fear and Trembling , the thriller novel Lori later adapted as a standalone graphic novel and another omnibus of long out-of-print early novels, Screams containing The Will to Kill , Firebug and The Star Stalker.
Randall D. Larson's three books were bound in hardcover and distributed by Borgo Press. Jekyll and Mr.
This novel bears no relation to the film titled Psycho III. It would prove to be his last published novel. Weird Tales issued a special Robert Bloch issue in Spring, including his screenplay for the televised version of his tale "Beetles"". A standalone chapbook of the story "Yours Truly, Jack the Ripper" was issued in both hardcover and paperback by Pulphouse, and Bloch co-edited with Martin H.
Greenberg the original anthology Psycho-Paths Tor. In , he published his "unauthorized autobiography", Once Around the Bloch Tor and edited the original anthology Monsters in Our Midst. Bloch began editing a new original anthology, Robert Bloch's Psychos but was unable to complete work on it prior to his death; Martin H. Greenberg finished the work posthumously and the book appeared several years later On October 2, , Bloch married Marion Ruth Holcombe; it was reportedly a marriage of convenience designed to keep Bloch out of the army.
After working for 11 years for the Gustav Marx Advertising Agency in Milwaukee, Bloch left in and moved to Weyauwega , Marion's home town, so she could be close to friends and family. Although she was eventually cured of tuberculosis, she and Bloch divorced in Bloch's daughter Sally born elected to stay with him.
Elly was a fashion model and cosmetician. Elly remained in the Los Angeles area for several years after selling their Laurel Canyon Home to fans of Bloch, eventually choosing to go home to Canada to be closer to her own family. Her ashes have been placed next to Bloch's in a similar book-shaped urn at Pierce Brothers in Westwood, California. Bloch died on 23 September after a long battle with cancer, at the age of Bloch survived by seven months the death of another member of the original "Lovecraft Circle", Frank Belknap Long , who had died in January, The Robert Bloch Award  is presented at the annual Necronomicon convention.
Its recipient in was editor and scholar S.
The award is in the shape of the Shining Trapezohedron as described in H. Lovecraft's tale dedicated to Bloch, The Haunter of the Dark.
The comic Aardwolf No 2, Feb is a special tribute issue to Bloch. The first part of the text of Bloch's story "The Past Master" is also reprinted in this issue. Various recordings of Bloch speaking at fantasy and sf conventions are also extant. Many of these are available for download from Will Hart's CthulhuWho site: . Note: The following three entries represent paperback reprints of the Underwood Miller Selected Stories set.
Complete Stories is a misnomer as these three volumes do not contain anywhere near the complete oeuvre of Bloch's short fiction. See also 42nd World Science Fiction Convention.
The following is a list of films based on Bloch's work. For some of these he wrote the original screenplay; for others, he supplied the story or a novel as in the case of Psycho on which the screenplay was based. Bloch wrote a number of screenplays which remain unproduced. Wells story , and a television adaptation of " Out of the Aeons ".
See also The Todd Dossier.
Some scenes from Bloch's incomplete screenplay for the unproduced movie Earthman's Burden , to have been based on the Hoka stories of Gordon R. NY: Tor, , pp.